This book examines drinking and attitudes to alcohol consumption in late medieval and early modern England, France, and Italy, especially as they related to sexual and violent behavior and to gender relations. According to widespread beliefs, the consumption of alcohol led to increased sexual activity among both men and women, and it also led to disorderly conduct among women and violent conduct among men. A. Lynn Martin shows how alcohol was a fundamental part of the diets of most people, including women, resulting in daily drinking of large amounts of ale, beer, or wine. This study offers an intimate insight into both the altered states induced by alcohol, and, by opposition, into normal relations in family, community, and society.
Since the 18th century, one phenomenon, the proportion of the sexes at birth among human beings, has contributed to various developments such as the calculus of probabilities, administrative statistics, the moral and social sciences, the statistics of variability, post-Darwinian biology and Durkheimian sociology. This fact is brought to the critical attention of readers who rarely work together -- mathematicians, biologists, historians, social scientists and historians of the sciences -- along a three centuries European journey, meeting Sussmilch, Condorcet, Laplace, Fourier, Girou de Buzareingues, Poisson, Quetelet, Darwin, Dusing, Gini, Halbwachs or Fisher.
After a deconstruction of the past and present conditions of scientific understanding of human sex-ratio at birth, the authors are proposing a reconstruction of the dynamics of the phenomenon based on stochastics. This is an attempt in renewing our links with the oldest traditions of scholarly thinking, but too a kind of "well-tempered" reflexivity in today s work of objectivization.
Appendixes get to the reader the first expression of a trend of the sex ratio at birth to adjust towards balance between the sexes by Condorcet in 1793-1794; a comparison of passages that Darwin devoted in 1871 and 1874 to similar issues; and a sociological attempt of Halbwachs published in 1933."
Medical Response to Child Sexual Abuse: A Resource for Clinicians and Other Professionals was specifically developed to provide the necessary information for equipping clinicians, nurses, and other medical professionals with the essential tools for navigating the vexing territory of child sexual abuse. The sexual mistreatment of children remains a difficult and often disturbing challenge for medical providers. In addition to the rapidly expanding and often counterintuitive research on genital injury and healing, clinicans are also faced with complex and frequently painful emotional issues, a need to work productively and openly with nonmedical interdisciplinary team members, and the possibility of being called to provide testimony in the uncomfortable and sometimes adversarial courtroom.
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